Sodium and potassium are two major electrolytes. Potassium is the major intracellular cation. Total body potassium content is approximately 50 mEq per kilogram body weight. Potassium assists in muscle contraction and in maintaining fluid and electroltyte balance in body cells. Potassium is also important in sending nerve impulses as well as releasing energy from protein, fat, and carbohydrates during metabolism.
Due to illness, however, some people need to restrict their dietary potassium intake and some people may actually need to increase their intake. In HYPOKALEMIA (condition in which the concentration of potassium in the blood is low), it is very necessary to increase the intake of potassium. Also, in case of HYPERKALEMIA (condition in which the concentration of potassium in the blood is high), potassium intake has to be restricted.
Therefore, it is very essential to know potassium content of foods.
Potassium content of vegetables per 100 gm of edible portion by Dietetics Department CMC, Vellore, India
Potassium content of vegetables
|LOW (0-100 mg)||MEDIUM (101-200 mg)||HIGH (201 mg & Above)|
|Beetroot||Onion Small||Drumstick Leaves|
|Radish Pink||Raddish White||Spinach|
|Bottle Gourd||Bitter Gourd||Colocasia|
|Knol Knol||French Beans||Tapioca|
|Green Mango||Ladies Finger||Yam|
|Ridge Gourd||Plantain Flower||Green Papaya|
|Chow Chow||Green Tomato|