Gingivitis means inflammation of the gums. It is manifested as change in color, enlargement, bleeding, puffiness, and ulceration.
CAUSES FOR GINGIVITIS:
- The most common cause is the accumulation of TARTAR (Calculus), the scaly yellowish or brownish hard chalk-like substance that forms at the gum margins around the teeth. This tartar irritates and pushes the gums away from the teeth and causes gingivitis. Tartar contains calcium, magnesium, bacteria, and fungus. As a result, there is bad smell in mouth. Hence tartar should be removed often by the procedure called SCALING by the dentist.
- Poor oral hygiene is also responsible for gingivitis. Owing to improper or inadequate brushing of the teeth, gums become soft and lose their resistance to infection.
- Those who have the habit of breathing through the mouth, keep the lips apart when the air strikes on the gums. The dryness and the absence of the toning effect of saliva give rise to chronic gingivitis.
- Pregnancy alters the hormonal balance of women and their gums are prone to enlargement and bleeding which is aggravated by the presence of tartar.
- A number of skin diseases and general diseases including syphilis and TB manifest themselves in the inflammation of the gums.
- Anti-epileptic drugs causes enlargement of the gingival.
- Leukemia reflects itself prominently in the mouth. Sometimes the bleeding, enlarged gingival is the first evidence of cancer.
- Vitamin C deficiency predisposes to reddened, bleeding, enlarged, and spongy gums.
NON MEDICAL TREATMENT:
- Proper oral hygiene.
- Consume lot of fresh fruits and vegetable especially vitamin C-rich fruits like Guava , plum , peaches, oranges, Aavla , sprouted cereals, and grains.
- Drink plenty of water and do not breathe through mouth.